Saturday, December 21, 2013

In-text citation formats done the EASY way

(This is also found on the APA/MLA in-text page, but as a back-up reference, here's the main idea): 

How to cite a source in the body of your assignment/research paper

•    When an idea/info is FIRST used or referenced as an example/detail to back up facts or concepts, give full credit to the author (if available; job title if valid; place of employment if it’s a Big One), source (what was it?)
Use signal words to indicate presentation of ideas; authority of source

In a Time magazine essay, Michael Stone, Director of Alabama Educational Administrative Services, notes that “Today’s college students need more basics in English composition than ever before.”
    •    Paraphrasing or rewording 
    •    Optional: reword or rephrase an idea, but give credit to the source/author as before.



    In a Time magazine essay, Michael Stone, Director of Alabama Educational Administrative Services, validates the importance of a strong background in English composition basics in order for today’s college students to be successful.

      –    Same idea, but without quotes. Still shows source.
      ======================
      •    Once an author has been “introduced,” next time, just use last name with action verb

      • Additionally, Stone also called for the requirement of more emphasis on research and cross-curriculum projects to develop student awareness of writing in a college environment.
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      • Refer to a website by the article title and source:
        • An article from an Odessa College website,  “Chompzilla Eats Grammar Errors,” breaks down the various choices of punctuation.
      • Magazine or newspaper: name them!
        • A Time magazine article by Janis Tanner, “The Growing Awareness of Indigo Children,” brings up the topic of a new generation of youngsters and parental understanding.
      ======================
      In-text citation/direct quote II
      •    No signal phrase or action verb used; author named before elsewhere in paper?
      •    COPY WORDS EXACTLY, and put author’s name/ “article title” in parenthesis behind it.

        • For example, it is noted that “most attorneys are well prepared by our state college programs” (Furman 21).
      –    (note that the quotation marks only cover the exact words used and that the citation itself is the end. Number refers to page if a print source)
      ====================
       
      •    In-text citation; multiple works by one author; no signal/action verb
      Need to indicate which source it comes from:



        “Many senior members of law firms have demanded tougher writing standards for new members” (Furman, Judiciary Journal 39). 
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      “It appears that newly graduating attorneys will  be required to show better English grades and results on their transcripts” (Furman, “Literary Legal Loopholes” 44). 

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